The principle of the hub is to connect a large number of small traffic flows (short- and medium-haul flights) to the larger flows of traffic from and to international long-haul flights.
This involves creating several concentrations of flight arrivals and departures each day, allowing passengers to quickly and easily make connections from a medium- to a long-haul flight or vice versa.
These concentrations multiply the possible connections and minimize waiting times between flights.
This concept of the hub and the traffic it can manage is a fundamental competitive advantage. With the hub, the airport is able to handle a growing number of large aircraft, generating rapid growth in intercontinental traffic. The system optimizes fleet use with larger aircraft being flown, reducing noise frequency and CO2 emissions.